No matter if you’re preparing to run a big race or working to get into shape, knowing what to look for in running shoes is key. There are several factors that go into choosing a pair that fits your needs. However, once you find the right pair, you may find yourself running in a different gear.
RUNNING SHOE TYPES
There are three distinct styles of running shoes: neutral, stability and motion control. Each type of shoe offers different qualities for various running styles.
Neutral Running Shoes
This type of running shoes complements neutral runners with medium arches. Neutral running shoes can also benefit runners with high arches who exhibit supination, also known as underpronation. Neutral running shoes offer midsole cushioning and support designed for added shock absorption.
Stability Running Shoes
Stability shoes are for runners who experience mild to moderate overpronation with low or flat arches. They feature adequate medial support and midsole cushioning. These shoes can help distribute the impact of running to minimize overpronation.
Motion Control Running Shoes
These shoes can be a great choice for runners who exhibit moderate to severe overpronation. Motion control shoes have extra built-in support and flatter outsoles. This combination can help combat excessive pronation to help stabilize the foot.
There are a few ways to figure out which running shoe may best fit you. This includes the arches of your feet, your gait type and the tread of your shoes.
The first step to finding a pair of running shoes is to know your arch type. An easy way to determine this is by following these three steps:
- Wet the bottom of your foot.
- Step onto a paper towel or a piece of paper.
- Look at the arch on your foot’s imprint.
This will help you determine which of the three arch types (flat, medium or high) you have.
Flat feet have very low or non-visible arches. They leave imprints that are nearly whole, appearing much like the entire sole of the foot. This type of arch is usually flexible and likely to overpronate.
These feet have moderate to average arch sizes and leave an imprint that shows only the heel and forefoot connected by a wide band. Runners who have normal feet usually have a semi-flexible arch.
A foot has high arches when the heel and forefoot connect in a very narrow band. High-arched feet are more rigid and do not typically pronate enough to effectively absorb impact. For this reason, runners with high arches may prefer neutral running shoes with extra cushioning.
Your running gait is the way your feet strike and leave the ground while you’re running or walking. Gait helps determine what part of your foot touches the ground when moving. This will impact what running shoe you buy.
There are three distinct gait types:
With this gait, the outside of your heel strikes the ground first and your foot rolls slightly inward to absorb the shock. The foot may pronate but not excessively. Your foot evenly pushes off at the end of your gait. Runners with a neutral gait should consider neutral running shoes.
The outside of your heel strikes the ground and rolls excessively inward. This hinders your foot and ankle’s ability to stabilize your body and absorb impact. Runners who exhibit overpronation should go with stability or motion control shoes.
The outside of your heel strikes the ground first but does not roll inward through the gait cycle. The heel remains rotated outward. This causes the impact to concentrate in a small portion on the outside of your foot, decreasing impact absorption. This gait type can benefit from a neutral shoe with plenty of cushioning.
If you are still unsure of your gait type, visit your local DICK’S Sporting Goods. The running PROS will give you a complimentary gait analysis to help find the right type of shoe for you. Learn more about gait analysis with Pro Tips.
An easy way to find clues about your gait type is to check the tread of a pair of your shoes. If you do not have another pair of running shoes, look at a pair of well-worn sneakers. You should be able to identify which gait type you have:
Overpronation: Wear on the inside of the shoe.
Neutral: Even wear of the shoe in the ball of the foot and a portion of the heel.
Supination/Underpronation: Wear on the outside of the shoe.
Your footwear’s effectiveness can also depend on your running environment. Depending on where you’re running, you may find that traditional running shoes or trail-running shoes are better for you.
- Traditional Running Shoes: Run on pavement, packed trails and indoor surfaces with these shoes. Traditional running shoes are light and designed with flexible outsoles.
- Trail-Running Shoes: Dense rubber outsoles fortify these shoes. This provides tread and durability against off-road terrain.
Knowing what to look for when choosing a pair of running shoes can help you hit the ground running during your next workout.